Analisis Comparativo del Entrenamiento en la Formación Profesional

Comparative analysis of vocational education training (28.02.2018)

  1. Mechanic and Mechatronic
  2. Logistics

 

  1. Mechanic and Mechatronic
Pos.No. Italy Spain Germany
ABasics
1Where is the main taining place for knowledge?School over two years in full time.School over two years in full time.School three and a half year; first year 40 %, then 20 % each week.
2Who is allowed to train the trainees in the companies?Trainer with a special license.
3Where is the main taining place for skills?Company three and a half year; first year 60%, then 80 % each week.
4Who undertake the trainees an examination?Chamber of industry and commerce or chamber of craft (trainers and teachers in the examinations board).
5Which license is in the successful examination included?Issued by the Chambers: Specialist mechanic/mechatronic (accepted all over the country)
6Which certificate award the government? (Vocational School)Certification of completion of compulsory education.
7Which contract between apprentice, company and school exist?The apprentice has an obligation of school attendance.

Between company and apprentice exist a vocational education contract.

8Who pays a salary?The school attendance is free. The company pays a salary per month.
9How much is the salary?1st year 400 – 800 €/month

2nd year 500 – 900 €/month

3rd/4th year 700 – 1100 €/month

10Which qualification needs the candidate to start the vocational education training in a company?
11Which qualification needs the candidate to start the vocational education training in the school?
BContent of instruction and

skill-training

12Is in the country an act, which regulates the vocational education?Yes.

The Berufsbildungsgesetz

(BBiG) regulates the main and detail vocational education in companies.

In the dual system this is place of learning predominant skills.

13Which are the regulations of the skill training?The “Ausbildungsrahmenplan” determines the regulations of skill training.
14Who does this regulations issue?Minister of Economic Affairs.
15Who are the members of the task group which prepare this regulation?Social partners (deputies of employer and trade union) and vocational teachers.
16
17
18Which are the regulations of the lessons?The “Rahmenlehrplan” of the Federal State determines the contents of lessons.
19Who does this regulations issue?Minister of Education in agreement with the board of the Ministry of Education of all German Federal States.
20Who are the members of the task group which prepare this regulation?Teachers of the Federal State.
21
22
CHow do schools and companies work together?
23Do You have a regulation for cooperation?The Lower Saxony Law for Schools only says, that schools and companies shell cooperate.
24How is the practice in cooperation?
  1. Many trainers and teachers work together in the examination groups and have a good contact. b) Some trainers are member of conferences in the school.
  2. For example the head of the mechanic/mechatronic department invite the trainers of all companies into the school to discuss about problems of the trainees in school and company. They also plan collective project.
25
26
27
28
DEvaluation
29Which are the benefits of the vocational education training system?
30Which are the disadvantages of the system?
31How is the system accepted by companies?
32How is the system accepted by the apprentices?
33
EActivities
34
35
  1. Logistics
Pos.No. Italy Spain Germany
ABasics
1Where is the main taining place for knowledge?School over two years in full time.School over two years in full time.VET school three and a half year; first year 40 %, then 20 % each week.
2Who is allowed to train the trainees in the companies?Trainer with a special license.
3Where is the main taining place for skills?Company three and a half year; first year 60%, then 80 % each week.
4Who undertake the trainees an examination?Chamber of industry and commerce or chamber of craft (trainers and teachers in the examinations board).
5Which license is in the successful examination included?Issued by the Chambers: Specialist mechanic/mechatronic (accepted all over the country)
6Which certificate award the government? (Vocational School)Certification of completion of compulsory education.
7Which contract between apprentice, company and school exist?The apprentice has an obligation of school attendance.

Between company and apprentice exist a vocational education contract.

8Who pays a salary?The school attendance is free. The company pays a salary per month.
9How much is the salary?1st year 400 – 700 €/month

2nd year 500 – 800 €/month

3rd/4th year 700 – 1100 €/month

10Which qualification needs the candidate to start the vocational education training in a company?
11Which qualification needs the candidate to start the vocational education training in the school?
BContent of instruction and

skill-training

12Is in the country an act, which regulates the vocational education?Yes.

The Berufsbildungsgesetz

(BBiG) regulates the main and detail vocational education in companies.

In the dual system this is place of learning predominant skills.

13Which are the regulations of the skill training?The “Ausbildungsrahmenplan” determines the regulations of skill training.
14Who does this regulations issue?Minister of Economic Affairs.
15Who are the members of the task group which prepare this regulation?Social partners (deputies of employer and trade union) and vocational teachers.
16
17
18Which are the regulations of the lessons?The “Rahmenlehrplan” of the Federal State determines the contents of lessons.
19Who does this regulations issue?Minister of Education in agreement with the board of the Ministry of Education of all German Federal States.
20Who are the members of the task group which prepare this regulation?Teachers of the Federal State.
218
22
CHow do schools and companies work together?
23Do You have a regulation for cooperation?The Lower Saxony Law for Schools only says, that schools and companies shell cooperate.
24How is the practice in cooperation?
  1. Many trainers and teachers work together in the examination groups and have a good contact. b) Some trainers are member of conferences in the school.
  2. For example the head of the mechanic/mechatronic department invite the trainers of all companies into the school to discuss about problems of the trainees in school and company. They also plan collective project.
25
26
27
28
DEvaluation
29Which are the benefits of the vocational education training system?
30Which are the disadvantages of the system?
31How is the system accepted by companies?
32How is the system accepted by the apprentices?
33
EActivities
34inapplicable
35
EIZ Niedersachsen - Informationszentrum im Europe Direct-Netzwerk der Europäischen Union

EIZ Niedersachsen - Informationszentrum im Europe Direct-Netzwerk der Europäischen Union